Canada Jay

Perisoreus canadensis

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Crows and Jays (Corvidae)

Code 4

CAAJ

Code 6

PERCAN

ITIS

Egg Color:

White to olive with olive and brown marks



Number of Eggs:

2 - 5



Incubation Days:

16 - 18



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

4 - 30 feet above the ground.



Nest Material:

Lined with moss, grass, sticks, bark, feathers, and fur., Fastened together with spider webs and insect cocoons.



Migration:

Nonmigratory



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General

Canada Jay: Medium-sized, fluffy, crestless jay with gray upperparts, paler underparts, and a short bill. Tail is long and white-tipped. Three distinguishable populations occur: Pacific, Rocky Mountain, and Taiga. All have black eyes, bills, legs and feet, and white ear patches and throats. Juvenile is gray overall with white moustache stripe and gray bill.

Range and Habitat

Canada Jay: Found from tree line in northern Canada and Alaska south through boreal and subalpine forests to northern California on the west coast, Arizona and New Mexico in the Rocky Mountains, northern Wisconsin in the Midwest, and New York in the east. Found in coniferous and coniferous-deciduous forests.

Breeding and Nesting

Canada Jay: Two to five white to olive eggs, spotted with olive and brown, are laid in a solid bowl of twigs and bark strips, lined with feathers and fur, and built near the trunk of a dense conifer. Incubation ranges from 16 to 18 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Canada Jay: Eats arthropods, berries, carrion, bird eggs and young, and fungi. Forages in trees, shrubs, and on the ground; chases insects in the air.

Readily Eats

Suet, Nuts, Sunflower

Vocalization

Canada Jay: Emits "whee-ah" and "chuck-chuck"; also gives scolding screams and whistles.

Similar Species

Canada Jay: Clark's Nutcracker is chunkier with a shorter tail, longer bill, and has black wings and tail with white patches.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X