Bicknell's Thrush

Catharus bicknelli

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Thrushes (Turdidae)

Code 4

BITH

Code 6

CATBIC

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Vulnerable

The Bicknell's Thrush is a thrush species with a limited breeding range in montane areas of northern New England, Quebec, and parts of the Maritime provinces in Canada. It mostly winters in montane forests on Hispaniola, and may also winter in Cuba, Jamaica, and Puerto Rico. This species is threatened by habitat alteration from human activities and climate change. The population of Bicknell's Thrush is estimated to be around 63,300-84,000 mature individuals, and it has a conservation rating of Vulnerable.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Bicknell's Thrush: Small thrush, olive-brown upperparts, buff breast with brown spots, white or buff belly. Eye has faint gray ring. Upper mandible black with pale base, lower mandible yellow with black tip. Tail, rump have rust-brown wash. Swift, direct flight with jerky wing strokes.

 

Range and Habitat

Bicknell's Thrush: This species breeds from southern Quebec and the Maritimes south to northern New England and northern New York. It winters in the West Indies. During migration, these birds may be seen along the Atlantic Coast from Quebec to Florida. Its preferred habitats include alpine areas near tree line.

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Bicknell's Thrush SONGS AND CALLS

Bicknell's Thrush A1

Song is a nasal "chook-chook-zreee-zree-ree-oh".

Bicknell's Thrush A2

"Beer" and ""quee-ah" calls.

Similar Sounding

Gray-cheeked Thrush A3

Song is a series of thin reedy notes that end with a downward inflection.


Voice Text

"veer-u, veer-u, veer-u"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Bicknell’s Thrush is among the least-known breeding birds in North America. They were considered a subspecies of the Gray-cheeked Thrush until 1995.
  • Their restricted mountain-top breeding range and loss of habitat in their Caribbean wintering grounds have made it a species of conservation concern.
  • This bird was named after Eugene Bicknell, an American amateur ornithologist, who discovered the species on Slide Mountain in the Catskills in the late 19th century.
  • A group of thrushes are collectively known as a "hermitage" and a "mutation" of thrushes.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Chris Vest

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
Lower mandibleX
The lower part of the bill.
RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Upper mandibleX
The upper part of the bill.
UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X