Rufous-backed Robin

Turdus rufopalliatus

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Thrushes (Turdidae)

Code 4

RBRO

Code 6

TURRUP

ITIS

Egg Color:

White with large splotches of red brown



Number of Eggs:

2 - 4



Incubation Days:

12 - 14



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

In tree or shrub.



Nest Material:

Lined with finer materials., Mud, rootlets, moss, grasses.



Migration:

Nonmigratory



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General

Rufous-backed Robin: Large thrush with rufous back and gray head and rump, Throat is white with black streaks, and breast and sides are rufous-orange. Undertail coverts and belly are white. Bill is yellow with a black tip. Wings are rufous with gray primaries. Tail is gray. Female is duller. Juvenile has paler underparts spotted with dark brown, and brown rump and tail.

Range and Habitat

Rufous-backed Robin: This species is a native of Mexico, and is found along the west coast; it is a casual but regular visitor to the southwest U.S., most often reported in southeast Arizona, but may also occur in southern California and southwest Texas. Found in dense thickets and dry deciduous forests.

Breeding and Nesting

Rufous-backed Robin: Two to four white eggs with large red brown splotches are laid in a nest made of mud, rootlets, moss, and grass, lined with finer materials, and built in a tree or shrub. Incubation ranges from 12 to 14 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Rufous-backed Robin: Eats mainly fruits, but also takes insects and worms. Forages in treetops or on the ground, where it hops and runs.

Readily Eats

Raisins, Currants, Nut Meal

Vocalization

Rufous-backed Robin: Song is a weak, gurgling "cheerup-chere-chere-cheerup." Call is "chuk, chuk."

Similar Species

Rufous-backed Robin: American Robin has gray-brown back, rump, and wing coverts, broken white eye-ring, black or brown head, gray-brown tail with white tail corners, rufous-red underparts, and white throat with black stripes.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Undertail covertsX
Small feathers that cover the areas where the retrices (tail feathers) attach to the rump.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
PrimariesX
The primaries are the flight feathers specialized for flight. They are attached to the "hand" equivalent part of the wing.
RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X