Brown Jay

Psilorhinus morio

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Crows and Jays (Corvidae)

Code 4

BRJA

Code 6

CYAMOR

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

ask community
Copyright © 2004 - 2017 Mitch Waite Group

PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Brown Jay has a large range, estimated at 680,000 square kilometers. It is native to Belize, Costa Rica, Honduras, Panama, Guatemala, Nicaragua, southern Texas in the United States, and Mexico. This bird prefers ecological systems ranging from a dry savannah to tropical and subtropical forests as well as plantations, arable land, and former forests. The global population is estimated to be around 500,000 and 5,000,000 individuals. The population trends have not been determined, but the population is not thought to be experiencing a decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. Because of this status the evaluation level of the Brown Jay is Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Brown Jay: Large, crestless jay with dark brown upperparts and paler brown underparts grading toward white under white-tipped tail. Head is darker brown with thick, black bill. Legs and feet are black. Feeds on insects, eggs, vertebrates, seeds, nuts, fruits and berries. Steady and bouyant flight.

 

Range and Habitat

Brown Jay: Occurs from Mexico south into Central America on the Gulf slope. In southern Texas, the northernmost extent of the bird is on the Rio Grande. In Texas, found locally in relatively tall, dense, native woods along Rio Grande. In Mexico and Central America, lives in a variety of woodland habitats, especially around clearings, open woods and forest edges.

whatbird search for your browser

Brown Jay SONGS AND CALLS

Brown Jay H1

Shrill "pow" calls.

Brown Jay H2

Harsh "kreeow" calls.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

" jay! jay! jay!", "kyeeeah, kyeeeah, kyeeeah", "mew mew mew"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Brown Jay is the largest North American jay.
  • They seem to be more abundant today than in the past. The extensive tropical forests of Mexico and Central America, which they avoid, have largely been cleared and replaced by farms, plantations and various second-growth habitats in which this bird thrives.
  • They vary in plumage geographically: there are two main groups. Northern birds are almost completely dark brown, with lighter brown underparts. Southern birds are white-bellied and have white tips on the outer tailfeathers.
  • A group of jays has many collective nouns, including a "band", "cast", "party", and "scold" of jays.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Santiago Cornejo

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

.
UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X