Bohemian Waxwing

Bombycilla garrulus




Waxwings (Bombycillidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:

Pale blue gray with black markings at large end

Number of Eggs:

2 - 6

Incubation Days:

14 - 15

Egg Incubator:


Nest Location:

4 - 50 feet above ground.

Nest Material:

Sticks, lichen, stems and grass., Lined with mosses and fine materials.





Bohemian Waxwing: Large waxwing with gray upperparts, pink-gray crest, black mask and chin, and gray underparts. Wings are black with sharp yellow or white line and red spots on secondaries (visible when folded). Tail is dark and yellow-tipped with cinnamon-brown undertail coverts. Sexes are similar. Juvenile is duller with white throat, streaked underparts, and reduced crest.

Range and Habitat

Bohemian Waxwing: Widespread throughout Europe, Asia, and North America from Alaska across northern Canada. Breeds in the northern regions of Alaska and Canada. Winters south of its breeding range across the southern territories and northern states. Preferred habitats include open and coniferous woodlands.

Breeding and Nesting

Bohemian Waxwing: Two to six pale blue gray eggs, marked with black at larger end, are laid in a nest made of sticks, lichens, stems, and grass, lined with mosses and fine plant materials, and built far out on a horizontal limb, from 4 to 50 feet above the ground. Incubation ranges from 14 to 15 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Bohemian Waxwing: Eats mostly fruits and insects, especially insect pests; also drinks sap. Often forages close to other birds on the ground and in trees.


Bohemian Waxwing: Sings while flying, uttering continuous twitters and chatter. Call is an abrasive "scree" or "zirrrr."

Similar Species

Bohemian Waxwing: Cedar Waxwing is smaller and browner, has white undertail coverts, and lacks black, yellow, and white on wings.


Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Undertail covertsX
Small feathers that cover the areas where the retrices (tail feathers) attach to the rump.
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
The area of the face just below the bill.
Tufts of feathers on the head of the bird.
Flight feathers that are attached to the wing in the area similar to the human forearm and between the body and the primaries.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X