Hoary Redpoll

Acanthis hornemanni




Fringilline & Cardueline Finches (Fringillidae)

Code 4


Code 6



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Egg Color:

Green to blue green with red brown spots

Number of Eggs:

4 - 6

Incubation Days:

9 - 12

Egg Incubator:


Nest Location:

In middle of low bush or on ground sheltered by rocks or vegetation.

Nest Material:

Twigs, grass, and rootlets., Lined with soft grass, feathers, and hair.


Northern birds migrate



Hoary Redpoll: Small finch (exilipes), with buff-gray, brown-streaked upperparts and brown-streaked white underparts washed pink. Head has red cap and black chin patch. Wings are black with two white bars. Rump is pale gray or white with few or no streaks. Tail is black and notched. Female lacks pink wash on underparts.

Range and Habitat

Hoary Redpoll: Breeds along Arctic coasts from western Alaska, across northernmost Canada, and the northern coasts of Greenland. Moves southward in winter through much of Alaska and Canada and northern states from North Dakota east. Inhabits weedy pastures and roadsides in winter; stays on tundra in summer.

Breeding and Nesting

Hoary Redpoll: Four to six green to blue green eggs spotted with red brown are laid in a nest made of twigs, grass, and rootlets, lined with soft grass, feathers and hair, and built in the middle of a low bush or on the ground sheltered by rocks or vegetation. Incubation ranges from 9 to 12 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Hoary Redpoll: Eats seeds and insects; forages on the ground and in bushes and trees.

Readily Eats

Safflower, Apple Slices, Suet, Millet, Peanut Kernels, Fruit


Hoary Redpoll: Song is a trill followed by a slow twitter "zzzzzz-chee-chee-chee-chee." Call is a plaintive "tweet."

Similar Species

Hoary Redpoll: Common Redpoll has conspicuous streaks on rump, flanks, and undertail coverts, heavier brown streaks on nape and upperparts, and slightly larger bill.


Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
The area on top of the head of the bird.
The area of the face just below the bill.
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X