Eurasian Tree Sparrow

Passer montanus

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Old World Sparrows (Passeridae)

Code 4

ETSP

Code 6

PASMON

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Eurasian Tree Sparrow has a current rating of Least Concern. This rating has been downgraded from a previous rating of Lower Risk that was issued in 2000. Today, the range of the Eurasian Tree Sparrow is estimated at approximately 48,000 square kilometers. The population of this bird species is estimated at nearly 100,000 individual birds. This bird is native to Europe and Asia. While the range of the Eurasian Tree Sparrow is fairly limited, the population is large enough for there to be no immediate concerns regarding possible population decline of the Eurasian Tree Sparrow.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Eurasian Tree Sparrow: Small, introduced sparrow, black-streaked red-brown upperparts, buff underparts, single white wing-bar. Head has chestnut-brown crown, small black mask, chin, ear patches. Swift bounding flight, alternates rapid wing beats with periods of wings pulled to sides.


Range and Habitat

Eurasian Tree Sparrow: Native of Europe and much of Asia; was introduced to St. Louis, Missouri, in 1870 and locally common in the surrounding area along the Mississippi River. Has also been recorded locally in Manitoba, Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Iowa. Preferred habitats include city parks, suburban areas, and farmlands.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"chip, chip", "teck, teck"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • In 1870, a bird dealer in St. Louis, Missouri received a mixed shipment of songbirds imported from Germany. Among those birds were about two dozen Eurasian Tree Sparrows. In late April of that year, in an effort to enhance North American avifauna, these birds were set free in Lafayette Park in St. Louis.
  • The small American population is sometimes referred to as "German Sparrows", to distinguish it from the native species as well as the vast numbers of "English" House Sparrows.
  • Occurrences of this species in western America and Canada are thought to be either escaped cage birds or stowaways on seagoing vessels from the orient.
  • A group of sparrows has many collective nouns, including a "crew", "flutter", "meinie", "quarrel", and "ubiquity" of sparrows.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for Eurasian Tree Sparrow

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX
Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.
UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
ChinX
The area of the face just below the bill.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X