Eurasian Tree Sparrow

Passer montanus




Old World Sparrows (Passeridae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:

White to light gray with brown spots

Number of Eggs:

4 - 6

Incubation Days:

13 - 14

Egg Incubator:


Nest Location:

In cavity in tree hollow, under eaves of building, in bird box, in crevice of cliff, etc.

Nest Material:

Straw, grasses, feathers, weeds, and bits of debris.





Eurasian Tree Sparrow: Small, introduced sparrow with black-streaked red-brown upperparts, buff underparts and single white wing-bar. Head has chestnut-brown crown and small black mask, chin, and ear patches. Sexes are similar. Juvenile has dark mottling on crown, dark gray throat and ear patch.

Range and Habitat

Eurasian Tree Sparrow: Native of Europe and much of Asia; was introduced to St. Louis, Missouri, in 1870 and locally common in the surrounding area along the Mississippi River. Has also been recorded locally in Manitoba, Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Iowa. Preferred habitats include city parks, suburban areas, and farmlands.

Breeding and Nesting

Eurasian Tree Sparrow: Four to six brown-spotted, white to light gray eggs are laid in a nest made of straw, grass, feathers, weeds, and bits of debris, located in a cavity of a tree hollow, under a building eave, in a bird box, or in a rock crevice. Incubation ranges from 13 to 14 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Eurasian Tree Sparrow: Eats seeds and insects; forages on the ground and in trees.


Eurasian Tree Sparrow: Produces a series of chirps and cheeps, higher-pitched and harsher than the House Sparrow.

Similar Species

Eurasian Tree Sparrow: Male House Sparrow has a gray cap and underparts. Female House Sparrow has a light brown crown and cream eye line.


Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
The area of the face just below the bill.
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
Ear patchX
Consists of soft, loose-webbed feathers on the side of the bird's head below and behind the eyes.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X