Eurasian Bullfinch

Pyrrhula pyrrhula

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Fringilline & Cardueline Finches (Fringillidae)

Code 4

EUBU

Code 6

PYRPYR

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Eurasian Bullfinch is rated as Least Concern. This is a terrestrial bird species that is native to countries throughout Asia and Europe. The range of the Eurasian Bullfinch is large, estimated to reach up to 10 million square kilometers. The population of this bird species is believed to include as many as 28 million individual birds. At the current time, the population and range of the Eurasian Bullfinch are significant enough for no concern to be warranted regarding immediate danger. The prior rating for the Eurasian Bullfinch was Lower Risk, which was downgraded in 2000 to Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Eurasian Bullfinch: Small finch, gray back and white rump. Cap is black and cheeks, breast, belly are red. Wings are black with single white bar. Black tail is slightly notched. Feeds on seeds and insects. Swift bounding flight, alternates rapid wing beats with wings pulled to sides.

 

Range and Habitat

Eurasian Bullfinch: Native to Europe and parts of Asia. Casual to accidental on the Aleutian, St Lawrence, and Nunivak Islands in the spring. Casual to accidental to coastal Alaska in the fall and winter. Preferred habitats include gardens, parks, hedges, agricultural areas, and scrub with scattered trees.

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Eurasian Bullfinch SONGS AND CALLS

Eurasian Bullfinch E1

Call is a flute-like "feww, feww".

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"feww, feww"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Eurasian Bullfinch can inflict serious damage on orchards by feeding on the buds of fruit trees. This has been a serious problem, especially in south-east England, where orchards capable of yielding several tons of fruit have been stripped by bullfinches so efficiently that only a few pounds could be harvested.
  • Their population has declined substantially over much of Western Europe since about 1955, likely because of habitat loss through urbanization, deforestation, and the intensification of agricultural practices, including the loss of hedgerows.
  • The sperm of the Eurasian Bullfinch differs markedly from that of all other passerines examined to date. In other passerines, the sperm head is pointed and helical, whereas in the Eurasian Bullfinch, the sperm head is rounded.
  • A group of bullfinches are collectively known as a "bellowing", "lowing", and "volery" of bullfinches.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Samira Belous

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CapX
The area on top of the head of the bird.
RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X