Scaly-breasted Munia

Lonchura punctulata

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Estrildid Finches (Estrildidae)

Code 4

NUMA

Code 6

LONPUN

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Scaly-breasted Munia has a vast range reaching up to between 1 million and ten million square kilometers. This bird can be found in its native habitats in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Province of China, Thailand and Vietnam and has been introduced in a number of other locations, including Australia, the U.S. and Japan among others. The bird is described as common in its native habitats. Currently, it is not believed that the population trends for this bird will soon approach the minimum levels that could suggest a potential decline in population. Due to this, population trends for the Scaly-breasted Munia have an evaluation level of Least Concern.

SUMMARY

Overview

Scaly-breasted Munia: This small finch has chestnut-brown upperparts and dark-scaled white underparts. The head is richer brown and the bill is heavy and dark. It forages on the ground or hangs from stems to eat seeds; also feeds on greens and insects. Rapid fluctuating flight, gliding into cover. Native to Southeast Asia, where they have been popular as cage birds. Sexes are similar. AKA Spice Finch. Name changed from Nutmeg Mannikin to Scaly-breasted Munia in 2014 by the American Ornithologist Union.

 

Range and Habitat

Scaly-breasted Munia: Resident from India to Taiwan, south to Sri Lanka, and through Southeast Asia to East Indies and Philippines. Introduced and established in Hawaii (widespread on all main islands); also introduced to Australia. Colonies of escaped caged birds are found in California, and Texas east to Florida. Preferred habitats include reed beds, rank grass, scrub areas, grasslands, orchards, and cultivated lands, often near human habitation.

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Scaly-breasted Munia SONGS AND CALLS

Scaly-breasted Munia E1

Call is a plaintive "chee, chee."

Scaly-breasted Munia H1

High-pitched calls from a small flock.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"Ki-ki-te-te", "chee, ba-hee"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Many colonies started from escaped caged birds.
  • The Scaly-breasted Munia is also known as Ricebird, Nutmeg Mannikin, and Spotted Munia.
  • There usual diet is half ripe seeds but they have become quite good scavengers in urban areas.
  • They flick their tail and wings constantly.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

Chris Vest

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X