Common Chaffinch

Fringilla coelebs

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Fringilline & Cardueline Finches (Fringillidae)

Code 4

CCHA

Code 6

FRICOE

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

ask community
Copyright © 2004 - 2017 Mitch Waite Group

PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Common Chaffinch is a widespread species in Europe, and is the most common finch found there. Its range extends throughout western Asia, northwestern Africa, the Azores and Madeira, and is also found on the Canary islands of Tenerife and Gran Canaria. An occasional Common Chaffinch may be seen in North America, but these may be escaped caged birds. An introduced colony of Common Chaffinches also still exists in South Africa near Cape Town. This species prefers open woodlands, gardens and farms, and primarily eats seeds while feeding its young a diet of insects. The Common Chaffinch has a conservation rating of Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Common Chaffinch: Medium finch. Buff body. Crown and nape are blue-gray; belly and vent are white. Dark wings with white shoulder patches and single white bars. Forages in trees, bushes. Eats seeds and insects. Bounding flight, alternates rapid wing beats with wings pulled to sides.

 

Range and Habitat

Common Chaffinch: Eurasian species; widely scattered as far as North Africa, Western Asia, southern Russia, and western Siberia. Accidental during migration in the Maritimes and in Massachusetts and Maine; found almost anywhere with scattered shrubs and trees, orchards, farmlands, parks, gardens, and suburbs.

whatbird search for your browser

Common Chaffinch SONGS AND CALLS

Common Chaffinch H1

Song is a warbled "chip chip chip cheeoo chooee".

Common Chaffinch H2

Typical songs.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"fyeet, fyeet, lya-lya-vee, chee-yew-keak"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The chaffinch is a popular pet bird in many countries. In Belgium, the ancient traditional sport of vinkenzetting pits male chaffinches against one another in a contest for the most bird calls in an hour.
  • The coelebs part of its name means "bachelor". This species was named by Linnaeus; in his home country of Sweden, where the females depart in winter, but the males often remain.
  • The Common Chaffinch is the most common finch in western Europe. It is also called a Spink, from its fink or vink sounding call.
  • A group of finches has many collective nouns, including a "charm", "company", and "trembling" of finches.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
ShoulderX
The short feathers overlying the median secondary coverts on the top of the wing. They are located near the back and can be seen as the “first row” of feathers on the birds wing. They are also called marginal coverts and lesser secondary coverts.
VentX
Birds do not have two separate cavities for excrement and reproduction like humans do. In birds, there is one single entrance/exit that suits both functions called the vent, cloaca or anus.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X