Fringilla montifringilla




Fringilline & Cardueline Finches (Fringillidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:

Pale blue with pink and red markings

Number of Eggs:

5 - 7

Incubation Days:

11 - 12

Egg Incubator:


Nest Location:

Low in tree and near trunk.

Nest Material:

Gras, hair, birch, and moss, held together with spiders' webbing., Lined with hair, wool, down, and feathers.





Brambling: Medium-sized finch with jet-black hood, brown-black back and orange shoulder patches, throat, and breast. Fall plumage has buff-edged upperparts. Underparts are buff with black-spotted flanks. Wings are black with white and orange bars. Female and winter adult appear orange overall with complex patterns of black, orange and white.

Range and Habitat

Brambling: A Eurasian species, common but irregular as a migrant in the Bering Sea region, including the Aleutians; casual in fall and winter in southern Alaska; accidental south to Canada and northwestern U.S. states. Prefers northern forests with birch trees during breeding season; agricultural fields, woodlands (especially beech), parks, and gardens during winter.

Breeding and Nesting

Brambling: Five to seven pale blue eggs with pink and red markings are laid in a nest made of grass, hair, birch bark, and moss, held together with spider webs, and lined with hair, wool, down, and feathers. Incubation ranges from 11 to 12 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Brambling: Eats seeds and insects in summer; seeds in winter; forages in trees, bushes, and on the ground.


Brambling: Makes a blood-grating "dzhweeeee." Flight call is a nasal "check-check-check." Call is a harsh "tweerk."

Similar Species

Brambling: Common Chaffinch lacks white rump, orange tints, and flecked flanks.


Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
The upper front part of a bird.
The short feathers overlying the median secondary coverts on the top of the wing. They are located near the back and can be seen as the “first row” of feathers on the birds wing. They are also called marginal coverts and lesser secondary coverts.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X