Pyrrhuloxia

Cardinalis sinuatus

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Cardinals and Grosbeaks (Cardinalidae)

Code 4

PYRR

Code 6

CARSIT

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Pyrrhuloxia has a large range, estimated globally at 1,500,000 square kilometers. Native to the United States and Mexico, this bird prefers subtropical or tropical shrubland ecosystems. The global population of this bird is estimated 7,700,000 individuals and does not show signs of decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. For this reason, the current evaluation status of the Pyrrhuloxia is Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Pyrrhuloxia: Large cardinal-like finch with conspicuous red-tipped gray crest, gray head, back, upperparts, red-washed face, breast, and pale gray underparts. Dark gray wings with red edges on primaries. Tail is red. Thick yellow bill. Eats insects, larvae, seeds, fruits and berries.


Range and Habitat

Pyrrhuloxia: Found in Baja California, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, southwestern Kansas, southern Colorado, western Oklahoma, and in woodland edges of northern Mexico. Relatively non-migratory, though it may occasionally stray slightly north of its usual range. Habitation includes thorny thickets, and desert brush especially along stream beds.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"chewee, chewee, chewee, wheet, wheet, wheet", "plik", "chink."

INTERESTING FACTS

  • It has been occasionally suggested that a more appropriate name would be "Desert Cardinal".
  • Its name comes from Greek terms describing its coloration and the shape of its bill.
  • The Pyrrhuloxia was first described in 1838 by Charles Lucien Bonaparte, French naturalist and ornithologist, and nephew of Emperor Napoleon.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for Pyrrhuloxia

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Irina Rud-Volga

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX
Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.
UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CrestX
Tufts of feathers on the head of the bird.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
PrimariesX
The primaries are the flight feathers specialized for flight. They are attached to the "hand" equivalent part of the wing.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X