Chukar

Alectoris chukar

Order

GALLIFORMES

Family

Partridges, Grouse, Turkeys, Old World Quail (Phasianidae)

Code 4

CHUK

Code 6

ALECHU

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Near Threatened

The Chukar has a large range of around 10.3 million square kilometers. This includes dry, steep, rocky habitats with some grass and scrub in parts of southeastern Europe, Turkey, parts of the Middle East, central Asia, southern Kazakstan and Mongolia, and western and northern China. It has also been introduced to many parts of the western United States where it has an estimated breeding population of 550,000 individuals. The global breeding population is estimated at 2,000,000. This species has a conservation rating of Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Chukar: This large, quail-like bird has orange-brown and slate-blue upperparts and breast, black and rufous barred white flanks and a white face with a sharp black eyeline. The bill and legs are pink-red. It escapes danger by running. It feeds primarily on seeds. It has a direct flight with rapid deep wing beats. The sexes are similar; the female is slightly smaller in size and lacks the spur.

 

Range and Habitat

Chukar: Native range in Asia, from Israel and Turkey through Afghanistan to India, along the inner ranges of the Western Himalayas to Nepal, further west in southeastern Europe. Feral populations have become established in the United States, Rocky Mountains, the Great Basin, high desert areas of California, Canada, New Zealand and Hawaii. Preferred habitats include arid rocky hillsides and canyons.

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Chukar SONGS AND CALLS

Chukar JJ1

Most common call is a series of "chuck" calls which increase in volume to "chuckar" or "chuckara".

Chukar E1

Series of "chuck" and chuckara" calls.

Chukar D1

"Chuck" calls followed by wing flutter.

Similar Sounding

Erckel's Frankolin 2

Crow is a series of cackling notes that fall in pitch.


Voice Text

"Chuck chuck chuck"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Since they live in arid regions, Chukar must take advantage of all water sources. They have been observed seeking water as deep as 10 feet below ground in abandoned mine shafts.
  • They are hardy birds and can easily outrun a hunter.
  • They prefer hillsides of 20 to 30 degrees of slope to flat ground.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Chris Vest

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
ChestX
Also called the breast area, it is the frontal area on the body containing the breastplate and major flight muscles.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X