Great Crested Flycatcher

Myiarchus crinitus

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Tyrant Flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Code 4

GCFL

Code 6

MYICRI

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Great Crested Flycatcher is found throughout eastern and mid-western areas of North America. This species resides mostly in treetops, and rarely is found at ground level. They breed in deciduous and mixed forests in eastern North America. Nests are built inside of tree cavities, using snakeskin or plastic for insulation. In winter months, this species migrates south to Mexico, South America, Florida and Cuba. Diets of the Great Crested Flycatcher consist of fruits and berries, and insects caught mid-flight. This bird is the most widespread species in its genus. The current conservation rating for the Great Crested Flycatcher is Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Great Crested Flycatcher: Large, crested flycatcher with olive-green upperparts. Head, throat, and upper breast are gray, belly is yellow, and undertail coverts are lemon-yellow. Bill is heavy and black. Wings are dark with rufous patches. Tail is rufous. Swift bouyant direct flight.

 

Range and Habitat

Great Crested Flycatcher: Breeds from south-central and extreme southeastern Canada south through the eastern and plains states to the Gulf coast. Resident in southern Florida. Winters from the Yucatan Peninsula and the West Indies south into the tropics of South America. Found in the canopy of open woods.

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SONGS AND CALLS

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APPLE PHONE OR TABLET

iBird Ultimate Guide to Birds of North America
iBird Pro Guide to Birds of North America

ANDROID PHONE OR TABLET

iBird Pro Guide to Birds of North America


Voice Text

"wheep!", "prrrrrrrrrreeeet", "wheeep"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Great Crested Flycatcher is the only eastern flycatcher that nests in holes.
  • An unusual habit is its frequent use of shed snakeskins in its nest lining. Whether this is intended to frighten off predators or merely decorate the nest is not known.
  • They spend much of their time perched on treetops and prefer to fly from place to place on the ground rather than walk or hop.
  • A group of flycatchers has many collective nouns, including an "outfield", "swatting", "zapper", and "zipper" of flycatchers.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Irina Rud-Volga

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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Undertail covertsX
Small feathers that cover the areas where the retrices (tail feathers) attach to the rump.
UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X