Red-bellied Woodpecker

Melanerpes carolinus

Order

PICIFORMES

Family

Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Code 4

RBWO

Code 6

MELCAR

ITIS

Egg Color:

White



Number of Eggs:

3 - 8



Incubation Days:

11 - 14



Egg Incubator:

Both sexes



Nest Location:

5 - 70 feet above ground., In tree or abandonded holes of other woodpeckers.



Nest Material:

Lined with chips.



Migration:

Nonmigratory



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General

Red-bellied Woodpecker: Medium-sized woodpecker with black-and-white barred upperparts and pale gray-brown underparts with indistinct red wash on belly. Head has bright red crown and nape, and pale brown face. White rump, white wing patches, and white-barred central tail feathers are visible in flight. Female is similar but has gray cap. Juvenile has gray-brown head.

Range and Habitat

Red-bellied Woodpecker: Breeds from North Dakota, Great Lakes, and southern New England south to the Gulf Coast and Florida. Year-round resident from the plains states to the Atlantic coast. Northernmost birds sometimes migrate south for winter. Inhabits open and swampy woodlands; comes into parks during migration and to feeders in winter.

Breeding and Nesting

Red-bellied Woodpecker: Three to eight white eggs are laid in tree cavity built by both parents, or in an abandoned hole of other woodpeckers. Incubation ranges from 11 to 14 days and is carried out by both parents (male at night, female during the day).

Foraging and Feeding

Red-bellied Woodpecker: Eats insects, fruits, vegetables, seeds, and sap from sapsucker drill wells.

Readily Eats

Suet, Sunflower Seed, Nuts, Sugar Water, Fruit

Vocalization

Red-bellied Woodpecker: Song is a quavering "churr-churr-churr", "querr-querr", or abrupt "chuck, chuck, chuck."

Similar Species

Red-bellied Woodpecker: Golden-fronted Woodpecker has black tail without white bars, yellow-orange nape, yellow patch at base of upper mandible, and indistinct yellow wash on belly.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
CapX
The area on top of the head of the bird.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X