Wood Thrush

Hylocichla mustelina




Thrushes (Turdidae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:

Pale blue or blue green

Number of Eggs:

2 - 5

Incubation Days:

13 - 14

Egg Incubator:


Nest Location:

6 - 50 feet above ground., In fork of tree or shrub.

Nest Material:

Moss, mud, and dried leaves., Lined with fine rootlets.





Wood Thrush: Medium-sized thrush with rust-brown upperparts and white underparts with heavy dark brown spots. Eye-rings are white. Sexes are similar. Juvenile has pale streaks on upperparts.

Range and Habitat

Wood Thrush: Breeds across central and eastern North America from southern Manitoba, Ontario, and Nova Scotia south to Florida and Gulf of Mexico. Spends winters in tropics from the Yucatan Peninsula south. Found in moist, deciduous woodlands with a thick understory; also well-planted parks and gardens.

Breeding and Nesting

Wood Thrush: Two to five pale blue or blue green eggs are laid in a cup nest made of moss, mud, and dried leaves, lined with fine rootlets, and built 6 to 50 feet above the ground in a tree or shrub. Incubation ranges from 13 to 14 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Wood Thrush: Eats various insects, spiders, and fruits; feeds largely on fruits and berries during fall migration; forages on the ground and in low vegetation.


Wood Thrush: Song is a series of triple phrases, the middle note lower than the first, and the last note highest and trilled, "ee-o-lee", "ee-o-lay." Call is an abrasive "quirt" or rapid "pit, pit, pit."

Similar Species

Wood Thrush: Veery is smaller with red-brown upperparts, longer tail, and different voice.


Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X