Wood Thrush

Hylocichla mustelina

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Thrushes (Turdidae)

Code 4

WOTH

Code 6

HYLMUS

ITIS

  • wgba_banner
  • ibird_banner
  • journal_banner
1 2 3

ILLUSTRATION

ask community
Copyright © 2004 - 2014 Mitch Waite Group

PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Wood Thrush has a tremendous range reaching up to generally 3.5 million square kilometers. This bird can be found in Central and North America including Belize, Canada, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama and the United States. This bird appears in temperate, tropical and subtropical forests as well as plantations. The global population of this bird is estimated to be around 14 million individual birds. It is not believed that the population trends for this species will soon approach the minimum levels that could suggest a potential decline in population. Due to this, population trends for the Wood Thrush have a present evaluation level of Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Wood Thrush: Medium thrush, rust-brown upperparts, white underparts with heavy dark brown spots. Eye-rings are white. Black bill has creamy pink base on lower mandible. In the early 1900s, its range began to expand north, forcing the Veery and Hermit thrushes to find another habitat.


Range and Habitat

Wood Thrush: Breeds across central and eastern North America from southern Manitoba, Ontario, and Nova Scotia south to Florida and Gulf of Mexico. Spends winters in tropics from the Yucatan Peninsula south. Found in moist, deciduous woodlands with a thick understory; also well-planted parks and gardens.

whatbird search for your browser

SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"ee-o-lee", "ee-o-lay", "qurirt", "pit-pit-pit"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Wood Thrush was first described by German naturalist Johann Friedrich Gmelin in 1789. It is best known for its hauntingly beautiful song.
  • It is the official bird of the District of Columbia.
  • The genus name is a direct translation of its common name, derived from the Greek words for woodland and thrush or fieldfare. The species name comes from the Latin mustela, or weasel.
  • A group of thrushes are collectively known as a "hermitage" and a "mutation" of thrushes.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for Wood Thrush

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Irina Rud-Volga

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

.
UnderpartsX
Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.
UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
Lower mandibleX
The lower part of the bill.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X