Black-capped Chickadee

Poecile atricapillus

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Titmice and Chickadees (Paridae)

Code 4

BCCH

Code 6

POEATR

ITIS

Egg Color:

White with red brown markings



Number of Eggs:

5 - 10



Incubation Days:

11 - 13



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

4 - 40 feet above ground., In deciduous tree, coniferm snag, or nest box.



Nest Material:

Lined with vegation, moss, feathers, hair, and insect cocoons.



Migration:

Nonmigratory



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General

Black-capped Chickadee: Medium-sized, stocky chickadee with pale gray upperparts and breast and pale olive-brown underparts. Black cap and bib and white cheeks are conspicuous. Bill is short and thin. Wings are dark with broad white edges on feathers. Sexes are similar.

Range and Habitat

Black-capped Chickadee: Resident from central Alaska south to northern California, stretching east across the central and northern regions of North America to Newfoundland south to the Mid-Atlantic states. Inhabits deciduous and mixed forests and open woodlands; often occurs in suburban areas during winter.

Breeding and Nesting

Black-capped Chickadee: Five to ten white eggs with red brown markings are laid in a nest lined with vegetation, moss, feathers, hair, and insect cocoons, and usually built 4 to 40 feet above the ground in a tree, snag, or nest box. Incubation ranges from 11 to 13 days and is carried out by both parents.

Foraging and Feeding

Black-capped Chickadee: Eats insects and insect eggs, conifer seeds, bayberries, and other fruits. Forages among twigs, branches, and under bark; often clings upside down.

Readily Eats

Suet, Sunflower Seed

Vocalization

Black-capped Chickadee: Song is a drawn-out "check-a-dee-dee-dee." Call is a clear, fluted "fee-bee" or "fee-bee-be."

Similar Species

Black-capped Chickadee: Carolina Chickadee is smaller, has shorter tail, and lacks broad white edges on wings. Boreal Chickadee has gray-brown back and sides and hoarser song.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CapX
The area on top of the head of the bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X