Black-capped Chickadee

Poecile atricapillus

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Titmice and Chickadees (Paridae)

Code 4

BCCH

Code 6

POEATR

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Black-capped Chickadee is a small songbird with a range of 8,820,000 square kilometers, and is found in deciduous and mixed woodlands in Alaska, central and southern Canada, and the northern United States. Northern populations can make short distance migrations to southern parts of their range. They nest in tree cavities, and will sometimes use old woodpecker nests for raising their young. The Black-capped Chickadee has an estimated population of 41 million, and a conservation rating of Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Black-capped Chickadee: Medium-sized, stocky chickadee with pale gray upperparts and breast and pale olive-brown underparts. The black cap and bib and white cheeks are conspicuous. Black bill is short and thin. Wings are dark with broad white edges on feathers. State bird of Maine and Massachusetts.

 

Range and Habitat

Black-capped Chickadee: Resident from central Alaska south to northern California, stretching east across the central and northern regions of North America to Newfoundland south to the Mid-Atlantic states. Inhabits deciduous and mixed forests and open woodlands; often occurs in suburban areas during winter.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"chick-a-dee-dee-dee", "fee-bee", "fee-bee-be"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • It is the state bird of Maine and Massachusetts.
  • The song of the Black-capped Chickadee is one of the most complex vocalizations of all animals, acting as a contact call, an alarm call, to identify an individual, or to indicate recognition of a particular flock.
  • They may cache food in hundreds of different sites, recalling those locations and retrieving food up to 28 days later.
  • A group of chickadees are collectively known as a "banditry" and a "dissimulation" of chickadees.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Samira Belous

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CapX
The area on top of the head of the bird.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X