Brown Thrasher

Toxostoma rufum

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Mockingbirds and Thrashers (Mimidae)

Code 4

BRTH

Code 6

TOXRUF

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Brown Thrasher has a large range, estimated globally at 5,700,000 square kilometers. It is native to the Bahamas, Bermuda, Cuba, Netherlands Antilles, Turks and Caicos, and the nations of North America, but has been seen in Aruba, Germany, United Kingdom, and Saint Pierre and Miquelon. The bird lives in temperate forest and shrubland areas and has an estimated global population of 7,300,000 individuals. The population of the bird does not seem to be declining at a rate that necessitates inclusion on the IUCN Red List. Because of this population status, the evaluation status of the Brown Thrasher is Least Concern.

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PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Brown Thrasher: Medium thrasher, rufous upperparts, black-streaked, pale brown underparts. Eyes are yellow. Brown-black bill curves down, lower mandible has pale base. Wings have two white and black bars. Tail is long and red-brown. Legs and feet are brown. Fast flight on shallow, rapid wing beats.


Range and Habitat

Brown Thrasher: This species breeds from southeastern Alberta, Manitoba, Ontario, and New England south to the Gulf coast and Florida. It is a resident in the southern states from Texas to Virginia. It spends winters in southern part of breeding range. Its preferred habitats include shrubs and small trees.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"smack", "churr"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Brown Thrashers have the largest repertoire of songs of all the North American birds and are able to vocalize 3000 distinct songs.
  • Populations are declining slowly throughout their range, perhaps because of the maturation of shrublands in the East and the elimination of fencerows and shelter belts in the Great Plains.
  • They are an aggressive defender of their nest, and have been known to strike people and dogs hard enough to draw blood.
  • They are the official state bird of Georgia, and the inspiration for the name of Atlanta's National Hockey League team, the Atlanta Thrashers.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for Brown Thrasher

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Samira Belous

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
Lower mandibleX
The lower part of the bill.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X