Red-headed Woodpecker

Melanerpes erythrocephalus

Order

PICIFORMES

Family

Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Code 4

RHWO

Code 6

MELERY

ITIS

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Breeding Location:

Forest edge, Grassland with scattered trees, Mountains



Breeding Type:

Monogamous, Solitary nester



Breeding Population:

Yes but uncommon



Egg Color:

White



Number of Eggs:

4 - 7



Incubation Days:

12 - 14



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Material:

No nest materials.



Migration:

Some migrate



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General

Red-headed Woodpecker: Medium-sized woodpecker with black upperparts and tail, and white underparts and rump. Head, throat, and upper breast are dark red. Wings are black with large white patches. Sexes are similar. Juvenile has brown-black head, throat, and upper breast, and faintly streaked underparts.

Range and Habitat

Red-headed Woodpecker: This species breeds in temperate, open habitats ranging from southern Saskatchewan, Manitoba, and Quebec south to Florida and the Gulf Coast. They are scarce in northeastern states and spend winters in southern part of breeding range from the Midwest south to Texas and Florida.

Breeding and Nesting

Red-headed Woodpecker: Four to seven white eggs are laid in a cavity drilled in a limb of a living or dead tree, mostly by the male. Incubation ranges from 12 to 14 days and is carried out by both parents.

Foraging and Feeding

Red-headed Woodpecker: Eats insects, spiders, millipedes, and centipedes, seeds, various nuts, and berries; forages by hunting from low perches, flying down to ground to pick up prey or nuts.

Readily Eats

Suet, Sunflower Seed, Nuts, Sugar Water, Fruit

Vocalization

Red-headed Woodpecker: Noisy during breeding season, uttering a bold and grating "queark", "queer,queer,queer", or "kerr-uck,kerr-uck."

Similar Species

Red-headed Woodpecker: Red-bellied Woodpecker has barred black-and-white upperparts and much less red on head and neck.

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UnderpartsX
Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.
UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X