Bachman's Sparrow

Peucaea aestivalis

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Emberizids (Emberizidae)

Code 4

BACS

Code 6

PEUAES

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Near Threatened

The Bachman's Sparrow breeds over a range of 762,000 square kilometers in the southeastern United States. It occurs in very young pine forest, mature Longleaf Pine forests, and open areas with dense grass and vegetation. During the late 19th century and early 20th century, this species increased because of deforestation. It has been declining ever since because of forest succession, fire suppression, and forestry practices that cut down trees before they are are mature enough to provide appropriate habitat. This species has an estimated breeding population of 200,000 individuals and has been given a conservation rating of Near Threatened.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Bachman's Sparrow: Medium-sized sparrow with brown-streaked gray upperparts and buff underparts except for white belly. Face is gray with brown crown and a thin, dark line extending back from eye. The tail is long, dark, and round-tipped. Upper mandible is dark. Legs and feet are pink.

 

Range and Habitat

Bachman's Sparrow: Breeds in southeastern U.S. north to Illinois, Kentucky, Arkansas, Oklahoma, and Missouri, but in very limited locations. Resident in southern Atlantic and Gulf coast states. Inhabits dry open pine or oak woods with a scattering of scrub; also frequents overgrown weedy fields and pastures.

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Bachman's Sparrow SONGS AND CALLS

Bachman's Sparrow A1

Typical song is clear, whistled introductory notes, followed by trills.

Bachman's Sparrow A2

Begging calls from a juvenile, "chip" calls and song from adult.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"chip-chip-chip", "sweet-sweet-sweet"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Bachman's Sparrow was named by Audubon for his close friend Dr. John Bachman (1790-1874), who discovered the species in South Carolina.
  • Habitat loss is likely their largest threat. Once clearings mature through succession and understory becomes likewise degraded, their preferred habitat becomes unsuitable.
  • This species is the only sparrow that is endemic to the United States. They were once called the Pine-Woods Sparrow for their preference for pine woods habitat.
  • A group of sparrows has many collective nouns, including a "crew", "flutter", "meinie", "quarrel", and "ubiquity" of sparrows.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Upper mandibleX
The upper part of the bill.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X