Olive Sparrow

Arremonops rufivirgatus

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Emberizids (Emberizidae)

Code 4

OLSP

Code 6

ARRRUF

ITIS

Egg Color:

White



Number of Eggs:

2 - 5



Incubation Days:

10 - 12



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

On ground., 2 - 5 feet above ground., In bush or cactus.



Nest Material:

Dry grasses, sticks, stems, leaves, and bark pieces., Lined with mammal hair and finer materials.



Migration:

Nonmigratory



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General

Olive Sparrow: Medium-sized sparrow with olive-brown upperparts. Underparts are olive-gray on breast, sides, flanks and undertail coverts, and white on chin, throat and belly. Also has wide brown stripe on each side of crown and dark line through eye. Tail is rounded and dark brown. Sexes are similar. Juvenile is browner with streaks above and below, except on white belly and throat.

Range and Habitat

Olive Sparrow: Found in southern Texas in the United States. In Mexico, it occurs in the states along the Atlantic and Pacific coasts and in the Yucatan Peninsula south to northern Belize. Also occurs in Pacific Coast region of Costa Rica. The species avoids coastal prairie and barrier island habitats. Preferred habitats include weedy thickets and thorn scrub.

Breeding and Nesting

Olive Sparrow: Two to five white eggs are laid in a nest made of dried grass, sticks, stems, leaves, and bark pieces, lined with mammal hair and finer materials, and built in a bush or cactus, 2 to 5 feet above the ground, or sometimes on the ground. Incubation ranges from 10 to 12 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Olive Sparrow: Eats seeds and insects. Forages low in trees, bushes, and on the ground.

Readily Eats

Sunflower Seed, Commercial Mixed Bird Seed

Vocalization

Olive Sparrow: Song is a repetitive accelerating series of "chip" notes, preceded by one or two introductory notes "chip, chip, chip-chip-chip-chip-chip." Call is an insect-like "speeee" or a sharp "tsik."

Similar Species

Olive Sparrow: Green-tailed Towhee is larger, has red-brown cap, black line bordering white moustache stripe, gray head and underparts, and lacks eyestripe.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Undertail covertsX
Small feathers that cover the areas where the retrices (tail feathers) attach to the rump.
UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
ChinX
The area of the face just below the bill.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X