Brandt's Cormorant

Phalacrocorax penicillatus

Order

SULIFORMES

Family

Cormorants (Phalacrocoracidae)

Code 4

BRAC

Code 6

PHAPEN

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Brandt's Cormorant has a large breeding range, estimated at 326,000 square kilometers. It lives in neritic and coastal or supratidal marine habitats in the western United States, western Canada, and northwestern Mexico. The global breeding population of the bird is estimated to be around 151,000 individuals. Current population trends are not approaching the threshold criteria levels for population decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. Because of the current population trends, at this time Brandt's Cormorant has an evaluation level of Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Brandt's Cormorant: Medium crestless cormorant with dull black body. Face, back have slender white plumes. Bright blue throat pouch bordered with yellow. Dives for fish, crabs and shrimp. Holds wings out to dry. Strong direct flight with rapid, powerful wing beats, flies in straight line formation.

 

Range and Habitat

Brandt's Cormorant: Resident along Pacific coast from British Columbia south to Baja California. Breeding colonies located on gentle slopes on windward side of islands, or steep cliffs with ledges. Found in inshore coastal waters, especially areas with kelp beds; also large bays and occasionally estuaries or coastal lagoons.

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Brandt's Cormorant SONGS AND CALLS

Brandt's Cormorant Silent

Generally silent except on breeding grounds.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

Generally silent

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Hundreds of Brandt's Cormorants are often seen flying in long lines, very near the water’s surface, on the way to their feeding ground.
  • The name Cormorant is derived from the Latin words Corvus Marinus, meaning marine crow or raven. Their habit of seeking out high perches after a meal and their dark color, both reminiscent of the crow, may account for this name.
  • Their scientific name, Phalacrocorax, comes from the Greek words meaning “bald crow.”
  • A group of cormorants has many collective nouns, including a "flight", "gulp", "rookery", "sunning", and "swim" of cormorants.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
PlumesX
Large, conspicuous, showy feathers.
PelagicX
The pelagic is a type of bird whose habitat is on the open ocean rather than in a coastal region or on inland bodies of water (lakes, rivers). An example of a pelagic bird is the blacklegged kittiwake.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X