Red Phalarope

Phalaropus fulicarius

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Sandpipers, Phalaropes (Scolopacidae)

Code 4

REPH

Code 6

PHAFUC

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Red Phalarope has a large range, estimated globally at 100,000 to 1,000,000 square kilometers. Native to the Americas, Africa, Europe and Asia, this bird prefers wetland and marine ecosystems. The global population of this bird is estimated at 1,000,000 to 1,900,000 individuals and does not show signs of decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. For this reason, the current evaluation status of the Red Phalarope is Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Red Phalarope: This medium-sized sandpiper has dark gray upperparts and rufous neck and underparts. It has a white face, black cap, and a thick, straight, yellow bill with a black tip. The female is more brightly colored than the male. Feeds on small fish, insects and aquatic invertebrates. Flight is swift and direct with rapid wing beats.

 

Range and Habitat

Red Phalarope: Breeds along the arctic coasts of Alaska, northern Canada, and Greenland; migrates along both coasts, very rarely recorded inland. Winters mainly at sea in Southern Hemisphere; but may occur along the Pacific Coast from central California south and occasionally along the Atlantic Coast from Virginia to Florida.

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Red Phalarope SONGS AND CALLS

Red Phalarope A1

Interaction calls from a trio of birds.

Red Phalarope A2

"Piit" and "drreet" calls from a female on a tundra pool.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"Twik", "clink-clink"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Females are larger and more brightly colored than males. The females pursue males, competes for nesting territory, and will aggressively defend their nests and chosen mates.
  • When feeding, it will often swim in a small, rapid circle, forming a small whirlpool. This behavior is thought to aid feeding by raising food from the bottom of shallow water.
  • A group of phalaropes has many collective nouns, including a "dopping", "swirl", "twirl", "whirl", and "whirligig" of phalaropes.
  • The Red Phalarope is known in Europe as the Gray Phalarope. It is the most pelagic of the 3 phalarope species, spending up to 11 months each year in marine habitats.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
CapX
The area on top of the head of the bird.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X