Sharp-tailed Grouse

Tympanuchus phasianellus

Order

GALLIFORMES

Family

Partridges, Grouse, Turkeys, Old World Quail (Phasianidae)

Code 4

STGR

Code 6

TYMPHA

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Sharp-tailed Grouse has a large range, estimated globally at 6,100,000 square kilometers. Native to the United States and Canada, this bird prefers temperate grassland and boreal or temperate forest ecosystems. The global population of this bird is estimated at 1,200,000 individuals and does not show signs of decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. For this reason, the current evaluation status of the Sharp-tailed Grouse is Least Concern.

SUMMARY

Overview

Sharp-tailed Grouse: Medium grouse with lightly barred brown upperparts and white underparts dotted with chevrons. Head has short crest, yellow-orange eye comb, and pink or violet neck patch exposed when displaying. Tail is pointed and white-edged. Often seen on prairies in the summer.

 

Range and Habitat

Sharp-tailed Grouse: Resident from inland Alaska east to the southern coast of the Hudson Bay and south to northern Utah, northeastern New Mexico, and Michigan's Upper Peninsula. Found in brushlands, grasslands, sagebrush, woodland edges, brushy prairies, cleared farmlands, bogs, river canyons, and boreal forest edges.

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Sharp-tailed Grouse SONGS AND CALLS

Sharp-tailed Grouse A2

Sounds from males during a lek display.

Sharp-tailed Grouse A1

Soft "coos" produced during a lek display.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"coo-oo"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Sharp-tailed Grouse inhabits open areas that are too brushy for prairie chickens, but too open for ruffed grouse. That’s why its called the "in between bird."
  • First Nations people call it the "fire bird" because their habitat was kept open by fires that killed trees and shrubs.
  • This is the provincial bird of Saskatchewan.
  • A group of grouse has many collective nouns, including a "chorus", "covey", "drumming", "grumbling", and "leash" of grouse.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
CombX
Only found in male birds and consists of a colored area over the eye. A well developed comb can also signal (sexual) health to a potential mate.

CrestX
Tufts of feathers on the head of the bird.
Neck patchX
A sac located on the neck that is inflatable and is only visible in males during courtship displays.
ChestX
Also called the breast area, it is the frontal area on the body containing the breastplate and major flight muscles.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X