White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis





Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:

Creamy white, blue or green with red brown marks

Number of Eggs:

3 - 6

Incubation Days:

11 - 14

Egg Incubator:


Nest Location:

In tree., 0 - 3 feet above ground.

Nest Material:

Grasses, twigs, pine needles., Lined with fine grass, rootlets and hair.





White-throated Sparrow: Medium-sized sparrow with rust-brown striped upperparts, conspicuous white throat, and plain gray underparts. Head has black-and-white striped crown and yellow spots between eyes and bill. Sexes are similar. Juvenile is duller.

Range and Habitat

White-throated Sparrow: Breeds from Yukon and the Northwest Territories south to northeastern Minnesota and Pennsylvania, east to New England and Newfoundland. Spends winters in much of eastern U.S. and in small numbers in southwestern states. Nests in brushy or semi-open mixed woods, winters on wood lots, scrub lands, gardens, and backyards. Frequently visits bird feeders.

Breeding and Nesting

White-throated Sparrow: Three to six creamy white, blue, or green eggs with red brown markings are laid in a cup nest made of coarse grass, twigs, and pine needles, and lined with fine grass, rootlets, and deer hair. Incubation ranges from 11 to 14 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

White-throated Sparrow: Feeds on seeds and insects; scratches noisily when foraging, throwing aside leaf litter in search of food. Eats leaf buds of oak, maple, and crabapple trees in early spring.

Readily Eats

Sunflower Seed, Commercial Mixed Bird Seed


White-throated Sparrow: Song is series of haunting, clear, sweet, and wavering whistled notes, often translated as "poor Sam Peabody, Peabody, Peabody." Call is a drawled, lisping "tseep."

Similar Species

White-throated Sparrow: White-crowned Sparrow has black-and-white striped crown, pink bill, and lacks white throat patch and yellow spots between eyes and bill.


Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X