Manx Shearwater

Puffinus puffinus

Order

PROCELLARIIFORMES

Family

Petrels and Shearwaters (Procellariidae)

Code 4

MASH

Code 6

PUFPUF

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Manx Shearwater has a large range, estimated globally at 50,000 to 100,000 square kilometers. Native to the Americas and Europe, this bird prefers neritic, oceanic, or coastal marine ecosystems. The global population of this bird is estimated at 1,000,000 individuals and does not show signs of decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. For this reason, the current evaluation status of the Manx Shearwater is Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Manx Shearwater: Small shearwater with brown-black upperparts and white underparts, underwings and undertail coverts. Black head is darker than back. The bill is dark. Wings are long, slim, and straight. Tail is short and pointed. Feeds on fish and squid. Alternates long glides and rapid wing beats.

 

Range and Habitat

Manx Shearwater: This species breeds on the northern coasts of North America from Alaska to northern Washington and from Newfoundland to Rhode Island. It is an uncommon visitor off the Pacific Coast from Alaska to southern California. This species is pelagic, coming ashore only to breed. Winters along the Atlantic Coast from North Carolina to Florida.

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Manx Shearwater SONGS AND CALLS

Manx Shearwater VV1

"Keh-keh-keh-korr" calls at night from a colony.

Manx Shearwater VV2

Colony calls from burrows.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

Generally silent

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Manx Shearwater got its common name because at one time it bred on the Calf of Man, a small island just south of the Isle of Man between Ireland and Great Britain. Manx means from the Isle of Man.
  • Despite the scientific name, this species is completely unrelated to the puffins, the only resemblance being that they are both burrow-nesting seabirds.
  • They are very long-lived. A bird breeding on Copeland Island on 2003 was banded as an adult (at least 5 years old) in July 1953; it was retrapped in July 2003, making it at least 55 years old.
  • A group of shearwaters are collectively known as an "improbability" of shearwaters.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Irina Rud-Volga

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Undertail covertsX
Small feathers that cover the areas where the retrices (tail feathers) attach to the rump.
UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
PelagicX
The pelagic is a type of bird whose habitat is on the open ocean rather than in a coastal region or on inland bodies of water (lakes, rivers). An example of a pelagic bird is the blacklegged kittiwake.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X