Short-tailed Shearwater

Adrenna tenuirostris

Order

PROCELLARIIFORMES

Family

Petrels and Shearwaters (Procellariidae)

Code 4

SRTS

Code 6

PUFTEN

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Short-tailed Shearwater has a large range, estimated globally at 50,000 to 100,000 square kilometers. Native to Antarctica, Australia, Asia and North America, this bird prefers grassland and marine ecosystems. The global population of this bird has not been determined but does not currently show signs of decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. For this reason, the current evaluation status of the Short-tailed Shearwater is Least Concern.

SUMMARY

Overview

Short-tailed Shearwater: This medium-sized shearwater has a dark brown body and traces of white in the center of the upperwings. It has a short dark bill and dark gray feet that trail slightly behind the rounded tail in flight. Feeds primarily on crustaceans. Alternates strong flaps with long glides; often soars for long periods. Sexes are similar.

 

Range and Habitat

Short-tailed Shearwater: Breeds along the coasts and islands of southeastern Australia. Summer visitor to the Pacific Coast of North America, from the Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands south to California and the northern Baja Peninsula; rare south of British Columbia. This species is highly pelagic, coming ashore only to breed.

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Short-tailed Shearwater SONGS AND CALLS

Short-tailed Shearwater BB1

Adults returning to their burrows at night to feed chicks.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

Generally silent

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Short-tailed Shearwater was first formally described by Dutch ornithologist Jacob Temminck in 1835.
  • It was recorded much earlier by members of Captain Cook's Third Expedition in 1778 while sailing in the Arctic Ocean. William Ellis, an artist on the Discovery painted the bird.
  • The common name, shearwater, is a reference to their graceful shearing flight moving from centimetres above the water's surface to high in the sky.
  • A group of shearwaters are collectively known as an "improbability" of shearwaters.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

Irina Rud-Volga

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

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PelagicX
The pelagic is a type of bird whose habitat is on the open ocean rather than in a coastal region or on inland bodies of water (lakes, rivers). An example of a pelagic bird is the blacklegged kittiwake.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X