Sooty Shearwater

Puffinus griseus

Order

PROCELLARIIFORMES

Family

Petrels and Shearwaters (Procellariidae)

Code 4

SOSH

Code 6

PUFGRI

ITIS

  • wgba_banner
  • ibird_banner
  • journal_banner
1 2 3

ILLUSTRATION

ask community
Copyright © 2004 - 2014 Mitch Waite Group

PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Near Threatened

The Sooty Shearwater is a medium shorebird which breeds on islands located in the south Pacific and Atlantic Oceans. Typical ranges are found in New Zealand, the Falkland Islands and Tierra del Fuego. This species is migratory, following a circular flying route up through the western side of the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, crossing Arctic waters, then flying south down the eastern side of the Pacific and Atlantic. Migration is conducted on an individual basis. Typical diets consist of fish and squid, fish scraps thrown from fishing boats, and food disturbed by whales in the ocean. The conservation rating of the Sooty Shearwater is Near Threatened.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Sooty Shearwater: Large shearwater with dark gray-brown body, darkest on tail and primaries. Underwing coverts are pale. Bill is long and dark. Legs and feet are black. Eats fish, squid and crustaceans. Long, narrow wings are slightly swept-back. Alternates strong direct flapping with long glides.


Range and Habitat

Sooty Shearwater: Very common birds off the California coast in the late summer, but they are only visitors to North America. Extremely long distance migrants, as their breeding grounds are on islands in the far southern Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Pelagic, only comes ashore to breed. Nests on islands with suitable soil for digging nest burrows, or rocky islands with crevices for nesting.

whatbird search for your browser

SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"koo-wah, koo-wah, koo-wah"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • In New Zealand the Sooty Shearwater is also known by its Maori name titi and as muttonbird.
  • In New Zealand, they are traditionally harvested each year by the native Maori. Young birds just about to fledge are collected from the burrows, plucked and often preserved in salt.
  • It is identified by its dark plumage, from which it gets its name.
  • A group of shearwaters are collectively known as an "improbability" of shearwaters.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for Sooty Shearwater

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Irina Rud-Volga

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

.
PrimariesX
The primaries are the flight feathers specialized for flight. They are attached to the "hand" equivalent part of the wing.
PelagicX
The pelagic is a type of bird whose habitat is on the open ocean rather than in a coastal region or on inland bodies of water (lakes, rivers). An example of a pelagic bird is the blacklegged kittiwake.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X