Green-tailed Towhee

Pipilo chlorurus

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Emberizids (Emberizidae)

Code 4

GTTO

Code 6

PIPCHL

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Green-tailed Towhee has a large range, estimated globally at 1,700,000 square kilometers. Native to North America and Cuba, this bird prefers forest and shrubland ecosystems. The population is estimated to be 4,100,000 individuals globally and does not show signs of decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. Because of this the evaluation status of the Green-tailed Towhee is Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Green-tailed Towhee: Large sparrow, olive-green upperparts and pale gray underparts. Crown is rufous, throat is white with black stripes, and bill is gray. Wings and tail are edged with olive-yellow. Rapid bouncy flight, alternates several quick wing beats with wings pulled to sides.

 

Range and Habitat

Green-tailed Towhee: Breeds from central Oregon and southeastern Washington south through mountains to southern California and Great Basin to southeastern New Mexico. Winters at lower elevations and south to southern Arizona and central and southern Texas; also migrates to Mexico. Prefers dry scrublands, primarily scrub oak, mountain mahogany, sagebrush, saltbrush, serviceberry, and pinyon-juniper.

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Green-tailed Towhee SONGS AND CALLS

Green-tailed Towhee A1

Rapid "tick" and tseeee" calls from a pair.

Green-tailed Towhee B1

Typical call is an ascending, cat-like "mew".

Similar Sounding

Fox Sparrow B1

Song is a series of clear musical notes and whistles. (Slate-colored)


Voice Text

"swee-too weet chur cheee-churr"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Green-tailed Towhee is the only entirely migratory towhee. It is also the smallest towhee.
  • Their scientific name roughly translates to “colorful chirper,” and their common name attests to the bright yellow-green of their tail.
  • A group of towhees are collectively known as a "tangle" and a "teapot" of towhees.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X