Swamp Sparrow

Melospiza georgiana

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

New World Sparrows and Towhees (Passerellida)

Code 4

SWSP

Code 6

MELGEO

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Swamp Sparrow has a large range, estimated globally at 6,000,000 square kilometers. Native to North America, the Bahamas, Turks and Caicos Islands, and Saint Pierre and Miquelon, this bird prefers inland wetland ecosystems, both saltwater and freshwater. The global population of this bird is estimated at 9,000,000 individuals and does not show signs of decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. For this reason, the current evaluation status of the Swamp Sparrow is Least Concern.

SUMMARY

Overview

Swamp Sparrow: Small sparrow with dark-streaked brown upperparts, gray upper breast, and pale gray, faintly streaked underparts. Head has rust-brown cap with paler median stripe and gray face. The wings are rust-brown with black-and-white streaks. Eats seeds, insects. Pink legs, feet.

 

Range and Habitat

Swamp Sparrow: Breeds in Canada and the northern regions of eastern and central U.S. The species spends winters in the central and southeastern regions of the U.S. and south into central Mexico. Preferred habitats include freshwater marshes, wetlands, bogs, and margins along streams and ponds; also found in salt marshes.

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Swamp Sparrow SONGS AND CALLS

Swamp Sparrow C1

Call is a metallic "chink".

Swamp Sparrow C2

Song is a rapidly trilled "weet-weet-weet".

Similar Sounding

Chipping Sparrow B1

Song is a thin musical trill, all on one pitch.

Dark-eyed Junco E2

Song is a musical trill, all on one pitch ("Oregon" group).


Voice Text

"peat-peat-peat-peat-peat-peat-peat", "zeee", "chip"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Swamp Sparrow has longer legs than other members of its genus; this adaptation allows it to wade in shallow water to forage.
  • It sometimes sticks its head under water to try to capture aquatic invertebrates.
  • They begin singing very early in the day and will sometimes sing through the night, especially when there is moonlight.
  • A group of sparrows has many collective nouns, including a "crew", "flutter", "meinie", "quarrel", and "ubiquity" of sparrows.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

Samira Belous

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CapX
The area on top of the head of the bird.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X