Rufous-crowned Sparrow

Aimophila ruficeps

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

New World Sparrows and Towhees (Passerellida)

Code 4

RCSP

Code 6

AIMRUP

ITIS

Egg Color:

White to pale blue



Number of Eggs:

2 - 5



Incubation Days:

11 - 13



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

On ground., In low shrub.



Nest Material:

Bark, sticks, weeds, and grass., Lined with mammal hair.



Migration:

Nonmigratory



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General

Rufous-crowned Sparrow: Medium-sized sparrow with gray-brown upperparts streaked with red-brown; underparts are gray. Head has rufous crown, gray face, rufous eye-line, and thick, black moustache stripe. Wings are brown and lack bars. Tail is long and rounded. Sexes are similar. Juvenile has brown crown and streaks on breast and flanks.

Range and Habitat

Rufous-crowned Sparrow: Resident from coastal California, Arizona, and the southwestern states to Texas, central Oklahoma and Arkansas. Range extends south into the Baja Peninsula and into central Mexico. Inhabits open oak woodlands and dry uplands with grassy vegetation and bushes, often near rocky outcrops.

Breeding and Nesting

Rufous-crowned Sparrow: Two to five white to pale blue eggs are laid in a neat cup nest made of grass, sticks, and bark pieces, lined with grass and mammal hair, and built on the ground or low in a tree or bush. Incubation ranges from 11 to 13 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Rufous-crowned Sparrow: Feeds on insects and seeds; forages by walking or hopping slowly on the ground or in low bushes, often feeds in pairs or small family groups.

Vocalization

Rufous-crowned Sparrow: Song is a series of quick, gurgling "chip-chip" notes, accelerating at the end. Call is an abrasive "deer."

Similar Species

Rufous-crowned Sparrow: Rufous-winged Sparrow has rufous shoulder patches, paler underparts, thinner moustache stripe, and different song.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X