Lapland Longspur

Calcarius lapponicus

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Sparrows (Emberizidae)

Code 4

LALO

Code 6

CALLAP

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Lapland Longspur is native to many portions of Europe and Asia and is a visitor to other portions of the world as well. At the current time this bird species is ranked as Least Concern. The range of the Lapland Longspur has not been quantified at this time but is considered to be several million square kilometers. Due to the size of this bird's population as well as its range, it is not considered to be facing any immediate threats. The prior rating for the Lapland Longspur was Lower Risk, which was downgraded to Least Concern in 2004.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Lapland Longspur: Medium sparrow-like bird, brown-streaked black back. Underparts are white, streaked black on sides, flanks. Crown, face, and throat are black; nape is red-brown. Broad white stripe from eye to sides of breast. Bill is yellow with dark tip. Tail is long, white edges.


Range and Habitat

Lapland Longspur: Breeds from Aleutians, Alaska, and Arctic islands to northern Quebec. Winters regularly throughout northern states to California, Texas, and North Carolina.; also in northern Eurasia. Nests on Arctic tundra; in migration stays on alpine meadows. Winters on farm fields, pastures, grasslands, and grassy coastal dunes.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"tee-lee-oo", "tee-dle"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The more common name for this bird is Lapland Bunting. It is only known as the Lapland Longspur in North America. 'Longspur' refers to the elongated claw of the hind toe.
  • It breeds in the high arctic with continual daylight during the summer, and a breeding male may sing at any hour of the day. Despite the lack of a real dawn, the male tends to sing most in the early morning.
  • Some winter flocks have been estimated as large as four million birds.
  • A group of longspurs are collectively known as a "drive" of longspurs.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for Lapland Longspur

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX
Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X