Lapland Longspur

Calcarius lapponicus

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Longspurs and Snow Buntings (Calcariidae)

Code 4

LALO

Code 6

CALLAP

ITIS

Egg Color:

Pale to gray green with brown and black markings



Number of Eggs:

4 - 7



Incubation Days:

10 - 14



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

On ground.



Nest Material:

Grass, lichens, moss and rootlets.



Migration:

Migratory



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General

Lapland Longspur: Medium-sized, sparrow-like bird with brown-streaked black back. Underparts are white and streaked black on sides and flanks. Crown, face, and throat are black; nape is red-brown. Bill is yellow with dark tip. Tail is long with white edges. Winter male has mottled black crown, face, and throat. Female is duller with dark cheek patch. Juvenile shows more streaking on upperparts, breast, and sides.

Range and Habitat

Lapland Longspur: Breeds from Aleutians, Alaska, and Arctic islands to northern Quebec. Winters regularly throughout northern states to California, Texas, and North Carolina.; also in northern Eurasia. Nests on Arctic tundra; in migration stays on alpine meadows. Winters on farm fields, pastures, grasslands, and grassy coastal dunes.

Breeding and Nesting

Lapland Longspur: Four to seven pale to gray-green eggs with brown and black markings are laid in a ground depression lined with grass, lichens, moss, and rootlets. Incubation ranges from 10 to 14 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Lapland Longspur: Feeds on insects and spiders; also eats seeds; forages on the ground and in snow.

Vocalization

Lapland Longspur: Flight song is a rapid warbling. Call is a musical "tee-lee-oo" or "tee-dle", or dry rattling "drit-ri-it."

Similar Species

Lapland Longspur: Smith's Longspur is buff overall and has small, white wing patches.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X