Gyrfalcon

Falco rusticolus

Order

FALCONIFORMES

Family

Caracaras and Falcons (Falconidae)

Code 4

GYRF

Code 6

FALRUS

ITIS

  • wgba_banner
  • ibird_banner
  • journal_banner
1 2 3

ILLUSTRATION

ask community
Copyright © 2004 - 2014 Mitch Waite Group

PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Gyrfalcon has a large range, estimated globally at 10,000,000 square kilometers. Native to North America and Europe, this bird prefers forest, grassland, and marine ecosystems as well as rocky areas. The global population of this bird is estimated at 10,000 to 100,000 individuals and does not show signs of decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. For this reason, the current evaluation status of the Gyrfalcon is Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Gyrfalcon: Large northern falcon with three color morphs: dark, white, and gray. Dark morph is dark gray with pale streaks on throat and upper breast. White morph is white with dark spots and markings on wings, nape, and sides. Gray morph is a mix. The eyes, bill, and legs of all morphs are yellow.


Range and Habitat

Gyrfalcon: Breeds on tundra throughout Alaska, the northern Canadian provinces, and coastal Greenland. Spends winters in breeding range, throughout central Canada, and regularly (but rarely) south to the northern tier of states, especially along coasts. Found in boreal forests, cliffs, and coastal areas.

whatbird search for your browser

SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"hyaik-hyaik-hyaik", "kack-kack-kack"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Gyrfalcon is the largest true falcon in the world.
  • Birds that nest in the arctic regions frequently begin breeding and laying eggs when the temperature is still below zero degrees Fahrenheit.
  • They have been highly regarded by falconers throughout history and in the Middle Ages, only a king could hunt with a Gyrfalcon.
  • A group of falcons has many collective nouns, including a "bazaar", "eyrie", "ringing up", "stooping up", and "tower" of falcons.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for Gyrfalcon

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
UnderpartsX
Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Upper mandibleX
The upper part of the bill.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X