Peregrine Falcon

Falco peregrinus

Order

FALCONIFORMES

Family

Caracaras and Falcons (Falconidae)

Code 4

PEFA

Code 6

FALPER

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Peregrine Falcon has an enormous range extending roughly 10,000,000 square kilometers. This bird can be found in almost any part of the globe, with the exception of Antarctica. Its habitats are nearly as varied as geographic range and include forests, savannas, shrublands, grasslands, wetlands and marine environments, desert areas and even urban locations. The global population of this species is estimated to be around 10,000 to 100,000 individual birds. Currently, it is not believed that the population trends for this species will soon approach the minimum levels that could suggest a potential decline in population. Due to this, population trends for the Peregrine Falcon have a present evaluation level of Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Peregrine Falcon: This medium-sized falcon has blue-gray upperparts and heavily barred sides, belly and leggings. The breast may vary from white to spotted and barred. It has a black hood and sideburns, yellow fleshy eye ring, and yellow legs and feet. Feeds primarily on birds, which it takes in midair. Direct flight with rapid wing beats. Sexes look alike, but the female is a little bigger.


Range and Habitat

Peregrine Falcon: Breeds from Alaska and the Canadian arctic south locally through the mountainous west, and sparingly in the east. Spends winters on coasts north to British Columbia, along the east coast of the US and along the Gulf Coast. Preferred habitats include tundra, savannas, coasts, mountains, and tall buildings.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"kack-kack-kack-kack"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Peregrine Falcon is the fastest bird on record when in diving posture, called a stoop, at 175 mph or more.
  • The Latin name “peregrinus” means “coming from foreign parts” which is fitting because they have one of the longest migrations of any North American bird.
  • These falcons were given Endangered Species status after decimation of the population from exposure to DDT in insecticides. A successful recovery effort resulted in removal from the U.S. list in 1999.
  • A group of falcons has many collective nouns, including a "bazaar", "eyrie", "ringing", "stooping up", and a "tower" of falcons.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for Peregrine Falcon

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
Eye ringX
The circle around the eye formed of feathers that are a different color from the rest of the face.
UnderpartsX
Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Upper mandibleX
The upper part of the bill.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X