Eastern Bluebird

Sialia sialis

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Thrushes (Turdidae)

Code 4

EABL

Code 6

SIASIA

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Eastern Bluebird has a large range, estimated globally at 5,500,000 square kilometers. It is native to the three nations of North America as well as Belize, Bermuda, El Salvador, Honduras, Guatemala, and Nicaragua and prefers forest, shrubland, and wetland ecosystems, though it has been known to reside in plantations. The global population of this bird is estimated to be 10,000,000 individuals and it does not appear to meet population decline criteria that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. The current evaluation status of the Eastern Bluebird is Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Eastern Bluebird: Small thrush with bright blue upperparts, rust-brown throat and breast, and white belly and vent. Forages in the open from low branches for insects, earthworms, and spiders. Eats mostly berries and seeds in winter. Slow, direct flight with shallow, jerky wing beats.


Range and Habitat

Eastern Bluebird: Breeds east of Rockies from southeastern Canada south to the Gulf of Mexico; winters in the southern portion of breeding range and into Mexico. Inhabits open woodlands, clearings, farmlands, parks, orchards, gardens, fields; can often be seen along roadsides on utility wires and fences.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"turee", "queedle"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • When approached by a predator, male Eastern Bluebirds make a song-like warning cry. If a male is not present, a female will begin to sing, hoping to attract a protective male back to the territory.
  • Clutch size varies with latitude and longitude, with bluebirds farther north and farther west having larger clutches.
  • Their numbers have declined due to competition from starlings and house sparrows for nest sites.
  • A group of thrushes are collectively known as a "hermitage" and a "mutation" of thrushes.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for Eastern Bluebird

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Samira Belous

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
VentX
Birds do not have two separate cavities for excrement and reproduction like humans do. In birds, there is one single entrance/exit that suits both functions called the vent, cloaca or anus.
UnderpartsX
Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X