Hooded Oriole

Icterus cucullatus




Blackbirds (Icteridae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:

White, yellow or blue with brown and purple marks

Number of Eggs:

3 - 5

Incubation Days:

12 - 14

Egg Incubator:


Nest Location:

12 - 30 feet above ground., Attached to tree branch.

Nest Material:

Leaves, Mosses., Lined with moss, grasses, wool, hair, and feathers.





Hooded Oriole: Medium-sized, showy oriole with bright orange-yellow head and nape, and black back, face, throat, and upper breast. Bill is slightly decurved. Black wings have two white bars. Tail is black. Female has olive-gray upperparts and yellow-green underparts. Juvenile is similar to female; male may show black on throat.

Range and Habitat

Hooded Oriole: Breeds from California and Nevada to New Mexico and southern Texas south to northern Mexico. A few spend winters in southern California and southern Texas, but most migrate to southern Mexico and areas south. Found in deciduous and riparian woodlands and human habitations, often near ranches or towns.

Breeding and Nesting

Hooded Oriole: Three to five white, pale yellow, or pale blue eggs with brown and purple spots are laid in a nest made of leaves and moss, lined with moss, grass, wool, hair, and feathers, and attached to the underside of a leaf or tree branch. Incubation ranges from 12 to 14 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Hooded Oriole: Diet consists mostly of fruits, nectar, and insects. Forages in shrubs and trees; uses its pointed bill to pierce flower bases to obtain nectar from agaves, aloes, hibiscus, lilies, and other tubular flowers.

Readily Eats

Sugar Water, Jelly


Hooded Oriole: Song is a series of whistles, chatters, and warbles. Call is an ascending, whistled "wheeat."

Similar Species

Hooded Oriole: Altamira Oriole is larger and has orange shoulders. Bullock's Oriole has white wing patches and black eye-line. Baltimore Oriole has a black head; female is smaller and has shorter tail.


Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
The upper front part of a bird.
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
Relating to or living or located on the bank of a natural watercourse (as a river) or sometimes of a lake or a tidewater. 
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X