Orchard Oriole

Icterus spurius




Blackbirds (Icteridae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:

Pale blue or gray with gray, purple or brown marks

Number of Eggs:

3 - 7

Incubation Days:

12 - 14

Egg Incubator:


Nest Location:

6 - 20 feet above ground., Attached to tree branch.

Nest Material:

Lined with plant material and down., Grasses





Orchard Oriole: Small oriole with black head, back, and tail, and chestnut-orange shoulder patches, underparts, and rump. Wings are black with single broad white bar; flight feathers have white edges. Female has olive-green upperparts, yellow underparts, and two white wing-bars. Juvenile male resembles female but has black bib and face.

Range and Habitat

Orchard Oriole: Breeds from southern parts of the Canadian Prairie Provinces, southern Ontario, central New York, and southern New England south to northern Florida, the Gulf coast, Texas, and central Mexico. Winters in Central America and northwestern South America. Inhabits open woodlands, orchards, suburban streets and scattered groves of trees.

Breeding and Nesting

Orchard Oriole: Three to seven pale blue or gray eggs with gray, purple, or brown spots are laid in a woven pouch of grass lined with plant down. Nest is attached to a fork in a tree or bush. Incubation ranges from 12 to 14 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Orchard Oriole: Feeds on insects, nectar, flowers, and fruits.

Readily Eats

Suet, Jelly, Orange Halves, Raisins


Orchard Oriole: Song is a series of rich, varied whistled notes "look here, what cheer, wee yo, what cheer, whip yo, what wheer." Call is a sharp musical "chuck" or dry chattering "chuh-huh-huh-huh."

Similar Species

Orchard Oriole: Female and juvenile Hooded Orioles are larger, have longer tails, longer, more down-curved bills, and grayer backs.


Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Flight feathersX
Located on the wing, and collectively called remiges (singular, remex). The long stiff feathers are subdivided into two major groups based on the location and are called primaries and secondaries.
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
The short feathers overlying the median secondary coverts on the top of the wing. They are located near the back and can be seen as the “first row” of feathers on the birds wing. They are also called marginal coverts and lesser secondary coverts.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X