Rusty Blackbird

Euphagus carolinus




Blackbirds (Icteridae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:

Blue green with brown and gray splotches

Number of Eggs:

4 - 5

Incubation Days:


Egg Incubator:


Nest Location:

2 - 8 feet above ground., Above water., In bush.

Nest Material:

Grass, Mud, Twigs, Lichens





Rusty Blackbird: Medium-sized blackbird, black overall with a dull, blue-green sheen, and yellow eyes. Female is dark gray with faint, darker scaling and has paler throat and dark eye patch. Winter male is dull black with rust-brown bars. Winter female is rust-brown with gray rump and dark eye patch. Juvenile resembles winter female. Rust-brown feather tips wear off to create darker spring plumage.

Range and Habitat

Rusty Blackbird: Breeds from Alaska across northern Canada to southern Canada, northern New York, and northern New England. Spends winters from southeastern South Dakota and southern New England south to the Gulf Coast. Preferred habitats include beaver ponds, roadsides, landfills, wet meadows, and shrubby shorelines.

Breeding and Nesting

Rusty Blackbird: Four to five pale blue-green eggs with brown and gray splotches are laid in a bulky nest woven from twigs and lichens with an inner cup of mud and grass. Eggs are incubated for 14 days by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Rusty Blackbird: Feeds on insects, snails, small fish, waste grain, and seeds; walks on the ground while foraging.

Readily Eats

Cracked Corn, Nut Meats, Suet, Millet


Rusty Blackbird: Call is a sharp "chuck." Song is a high-pitched creaky "koo-a-lee-m-eek, koo-a-lee-eek."

Similar Species

Rusty Blackbird: Brewer's Blackbird has whiter eyes and glossier plumage; female has dark eyes.

The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X