Nelson's Sparrow

Ammodramus nelsoni

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Emberizids (Emberizidae)

Code 4

NESP

Code 6

AMMNEL

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Nelson's Sparrow has a large range, estimated globally at 1,300,000 square kilometers. Native to the nations of North America, this bird prefers inland wetland or intertidal marine ecosystems. The global population of this bird is estimated at 510,000 individuals and does not show signs of decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. For this reason, the current evaluation status of Nelson's Sparrow is Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Nelson's Sparrow: Small sparrow with brown streaked upperparts. Breast and sides are pale brown with pale streaks; throat, belly, and undertail coverts are white. Head has gray-brown crown and nape, orange-brown face, and gray cheeks. Tail is short and pointed. Pink-gray legs and feet.

 

Range and Habitat

Nelson's Sparrow: Breeds from northern Minnesota and the Dakotas to Manitoba and the Northwest Territories. Also found around the Hudson Bay, southern Quebec, and coast of New Brunswick and Maine. Occurs as a migrant in the Midwest and the Atlantic coast. Winters from Delaware to Texas. Inhabits salt marshes.

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Nelson's Sparrow SONGS AND CALLS

Nelson's Sparrow A1

Flight song.

Nelson's Sparrow A2

High-pitched "seet" calls.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"p-tssssshh-uk"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Prior to 1995, Nelson's Sparrow and Saltmarsh Sparrow were considered the same species, the Sharp-tailed Sparrow.
  • They are difficult to census due to their secretive nature and unpredictable singing patterns. They do not respond to spishing and may run along the ground instead of fly when disturbed.
  • This bird was named after Edward William Nelson, an American naturalist.
  • A group of sparrows has many collective nouns, including a "crew", "flutter", "meinie", "quarrel", and "ubiquity" of sparrows.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Imran Kahn

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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Undertail covertsX
Small feathers that cover the areas where the retrices (tail feathers) attach to the rump.
UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X