Lincoln's Sparrow

Melospiza lincolnii

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Emberizids (Emberizidae)

Code 4

LISP

Code 6

MELLIN

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Lincoln's Sparrow has a large range, estimated globally at 7,500,000 square kilometers. Native to North and Central America and many nearby island nations, this bird prefers shrubland, grassland, and wetland ecosystems. The global population of this bird is estimated at 39,000,000 individuals and does not show signs of decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. For this reason, the current evaluation status of Lincoln's Sparrow is Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Lincoln's Sparrow: Medium sparrow, dark-streaked pale brown upperparts, white underparts with dark streaks. Head has brown crown with gray central stripe, and nape, pale eye-ring, and brown streak extending behind eye. Upper mandible is dark, lower mandible is pale orange-brown.


Range and Habitat

Lincoln's Sparrow: Breeds across much of Alaska and Canada, south to southwestern U.S. Migrates across North American to its winter grounds, which extend along the West Coast and southern U.S., throughout Mexico, and south to Honduras. Found in shrubby meadows, shoreline forests, bog edges, and wetlands with tall vegetation.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"chur-chur-chur-wee-wee-wee-wee-wah", "zee"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Lincoln's Sparrow shows less geographical variation in song than any other species in its genus, perhaps a result of high dispersal rates among juveniles.
  • This bird was named by Audubon after his friend, Thomas Lincoln. Lincoln shot the bird on a trip with Audubon to Nova Scotia in 1834, and Audubon named it "Tom's Finch" in his honor.
  • They are very secretive. Their song is a musical trill, but this bird is often not seen or heard even where they are common.
  • A group of sparrows has many collective nouns, including a "crew", "flutter", "meinie", "quarrel", and "ubiquity" of sparrows.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for Lincoln's Sparrow

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Imran Kahn

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
Lower mandibleX
The lower part of the bill.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
Upper mandibleX
The upper part of the bill.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X