Great-tailed Grackle

Quiscalus mexicanus

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Blackbirds (Icteridae)

Code 4

GTGR

Code 6

QUIMEX

ITIS

Egg Color:

Light gray to light blue with red purple markings



Number of Eggs:

3 - 4



Incubation Days:

13 - 14



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

5 - 15 feet above ground., In tree.



Nest Material:

Bark, sticks, weeds, and grass.



Migration:

Some migrate



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General

Great-tailed Grackle: Large blackbird with iridescent black body and purple sheen. Eyes are yellow. Tail is long and keeled. Female is smaller with shorter tail, brown upperparts, gray-brown underparts, and yellow-green eyes. Juvenile is similar to female but has dark eyes.

Range and Habitat

Great-tailed Grackle: Resident from central California, southern Idaho, Minnesota, and western Louisiana southward throughout Mexico. In summer, individuals can be seen farther north. Preferred habitats include open areas with scattered trees, cultivated areas, marshes, parks, and areas around human habitation.

Breeding and Nesting

Great-tailed Grackle: Three to four light blue to gray eggs with red purple markings are laid in a nest made of grass, bark, and weeds, and built in a palm or shade tree near water. Incubation ranges from 13 to 14 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Great-tailed Grackle: Feeds on insects, worms, small vertebrates (including tadpoles, small fish, and lizards), plant matter, and garbage. Forages while walking on the ground and wading in water; also steals food from other birds.

Vocalization

Great-tailed Grackle: Call is a loud cacophony that includes clear whistles and rattling notes.

Similar Species

Great-tailed Grackle: Boat-tailed Grackle is usually dark-eyed.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X