Hawaiian Crow

Corvus hawaiiensis

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Crows and Jays (Corvidae)

Code 4

HCRO

Code 6

CORHAW

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Extinct in the Wild

The Hawaiian Crow has no natural range, confined now to only captive breeding facilities. Endemic to the island of Hawaii but regionally extinct, this bird prefers forest and shrubland ecosystems. The global population of this bird is estimated at only a small handful of individuals and has shown such significant decline that is has reached near top-tier status on the IUCN Red List. The current evaluation status of the Hawaiian Crow is Extinct in the Wild.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Hawaiian Crow: This medium-sized crow has a brown-black body and brown-tinged wings. The eyes are brown and the bill is large and stout. It feeds on insects, fruit, carrion, eggs, the young of other birds and small animals. It has a direct flight on steady wing beats. The sexes are similar. It is believed to be extinct in the wild. AKA Alala to the native Hawaiians.

 

Range and Habitat

Hawaiian Crow: Endemic to Hawaii, and is currently found on the island of Hawaii in a small area of central Kona on the west slope of Mauna Loa Volcano. Formerly common and bred throughout the slopes of the volcanoes of Hualalai and Mauna Loa. By 1987, just ten wild individuals remained. Inhabits native Hawaiian Ohia forests or Ohia and Koa mixed forest. Prefers open forests.

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Hawaiian Crow SONGS AND CALLS

Hawaiian Crow D1

Loud "aaa-woo" calls.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"Cawk", "ca-wack"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Hawaiian Crow is now extinct in the wild. Prior to this, the species was only found on the island of Hawaii in open park-like montane forest.
  • While some birds remain in captive breeding facilities, the small number of living individuals may mean that the gene pool has been reduced to the point that the species can no longer recover.
  • Fossil remains indicate that it previously occurred in relative abundance on all the main islands, along with two other extinct crow species.
  • A group of crows has many collective nouns, including a "cauldron", "congress", "horde", "murder", and "muster" of crows.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Yury Lisyak

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FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
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