Short-tailed Albatross

Phoebastria albatrus

Order

PROCELLARIIFORMES

Family

Albatross (Diomedeidae)

Code 4

STAL

Code 6

PHOALB

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Vulnerable

The Short-tailed Albatross has a small breeding range, confined to Torishima Japan and the Senkaku Islands, claimed by many Asian nations. Native to Asia and North America, this bird prefers neritic, oceanic or coastal marine ecosystems. The global population of this bird is estimated at 2,364 individuals and while the population is increasing, the bird's vulnerability to human impact necessitates inclusion on the IUCN Red List. For this reason, the current evaluation status of the Short-tailed Albatross is Vulnerable.

SUMMARY

Overview

Short-tailed Albatross: Largest and only white-bodied albatross in the North Pacific. The head and nape have a golden-yellow cast, white wings have black edges and tips, and the tail is white with black fringe. Legs and feet are pink-gray. Feeds mainly on squid, but also eats fish and crustaceans. Dynamic soaring, glides for hours. Sexes are similar. Almost became extinct in the late 19th century.

 

Range and Habitat

Short-tailed Albatross: Vulnerable species. Once commonly found throughout the northwestern Pacific. Currently, there are an estimated 200 nests on Torishima, an island south of Japan. After breeding, this species travels to the Bering Sea along the Aleutian archipelago and the southern coast of Alaska south along the Pacific coast to California.

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Short-tailed Albatross SONGS AND CALLS

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

Generally silent

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Short-tailed Albatross or Steller's Albatross was described by the German naturalist Peter Simon Pallas from skins collected by Georg Wilhelm Steller.
  • Contrary to its name its tail is no shorter than that of the Laysan or Black-footed, and is actually longer than that of the other member of the genus Phoebastria, the Waved Albatross.
  • Fossils of albatrosses from the mid-Pleistocene in Bermuda and North Carolina are considered to be closest to the Short-tailed Albatross.
  • A group of albatrosses are known collectively as a "flight", "rookery", and "weight" of albatrosses.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

Irina Rud-Volga

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

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NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
PelagicX
The pelagic is a type of bird whose habitat is on the open ocean rather than in a coastal region or on inland bodies of water (lakes, rivers). An example of a pelagic bird is the blacklegged kittiwake.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X