Ruddy Turnstone

Arenaria interpres

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Sandpipers, Phalaropes (Scolopacidae)

Code 4

RUTU

Code 6

AREINT

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Ruddy Turnstone is commonly known as simply a Turnstone, and is a small wading bird. This species migrates to warmer climates during winter months along the coastlines around the world. Breeding grounds for the Ruddy Turnstone are found in northern Europe, Asia and North America. The preferred breeding habitats are found only a short distance from the ocean, and may be found in multiple northern latitudes around the world. Mates usually stay together for more than one year, and nests are shallow scrapes on the ground. The conservation rating for the Ruddy Turnstone is Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Ruddy Turnstone: This medium-sized sandpiper has red-brown upperparts, white rump and underparts, and a black-marked face. It has a short, dark, slightly upturned bill, a white tail with a black terminal band, and orange legs and feet. The wings have a unique brown, black, and white pattern visible in flight. Feeds on invertebrates. Swift direct flight with rapid wing beats. Sexes are similar.

 

Range and Habitat

Ruddy Turnstone: This species breeds on the coastal tundra habitats of northwestern Alaska, on the islands of Canadian Arctic, and northern coastal Greenland. Spends winters on coasts from Connecticut and Oregon southward to the Gulf Coast and also coastal areas of the West Indies; also found in Eurasia.

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Ruddy Turnstone SONGS AND CALLS

Ruddy Turnstone S1

Typical call is a rattling "tek-e-teuk-e-e".

Ruddy Turnstone C2

"Tuk" calls as a small group feeds, then takes flight.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"tuk-tuk-tuk-tuk", "kek-kek-kek", "teuk-e-teuk-e-e"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Ruddy Turnstone was first described in 1758 by Carolus Linnaeus, Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist.
  • As part of courtship, males makes nest-like scrapes in the ground within their territory, often close to the final site selected by the female.
  • As their name suggests, turnstones often forage by turning over stones and other objects.
  • A group of sandpipers has many collective nouns, including a "bind", "contradiction", "fling", "hill", and "time-step" of sandpipers.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island.

RANGE MAP PALAU

About this Palau Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Palau islands.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Terminal bandX
Refers to the contrasting stripe at the tip of the tail.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X