Wood Stork: Large, odd wading bird, mostly white except for black flight feathers and tail. Upper neck and head are featherless and dark gray. Bill is thick, long, and curved downward. Sexes are similar. Juvenile has yellow bill and brown down on neck and head.
Range and Habitat
Wood Stork: Breeds in Florida and Georgia; very rarely it may breed elsewhere along the coast from South Carolina to Texas. Wanders as far as California and Massachusetts, though very rarely. Resident along coastal Mexico and in the West Indies. Breeding habitat is chiefly in cypress swamps; also in mangroves.
Breeding and Nesting
Wood Stork: Lays two to five white eggs in nest made of twigs, vines, and moss, built at the top of tall tree; nests in colonies. Incubation ranges from 27 to 32 days and is carried out by both parents.
Foraging and Feeding
Wood Stork: Eats small fish, tadpoles, frogs, and crayfish. Hunts by wading with its bill open just under the water surface, snapping it shut when encountering prey.
Wood Stork: Usually silent except around nest, but will emit a dull croak. Young make clattering noises with their bills.
Wood Stork: White Pelican tucks neck in flight, has short legs and long, orange bill. Whooping Crane has white secondaries and a white, feathered head and neck. White Ibis is much smaller with white head and neck, red bill, and white secondaries.