Red-necked Phalarope

Phalaropus lobatus

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Sandpipers (Scolopacidae)

Code 4

RNPH

Code 6

PHALOB

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Red-necked Phalarope is a small wader species of bird which typically breeds in Arctic regions in North America, Europe and Asia. In winter months, this species migrates south to tropical oceans, which is very unusual for this type of bird. This species feeds by swimming in circles and forming a small whirlpool in the water, thought to draw up food from the underlying water. Typical diets consist of insects and crustaceans, and they also feed at the mouth of the Bay of Fundy during migration. The conservation rating for the Red-necked Phalarope remains at Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Red-necked Phalarope: Medium sandpiper with brown-striped dark gray back, mottled gray breast, and white throat and belly. Head, nape, and flanks are gray. Neck and upper breast are rust-brown. Bill is thin and black. Flight is swift and swallowlike with rapid wing beats, quick movements, and turns.


Range and Habitat

Red-necked Phalarope: Breeds in the Arctic south to James Bay, Alaska and the Aleutians, and along the southern coast of Greenland. Spends winters off Peru, the southern Arabian Peninsula, and Indonesia. May be found throughout North American during its migrations. Inhabits open ocean and beaches; found on shallow rivers, lakes, and mudflats during migration.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"twit", "whit"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Red-necked Phalarope (formerly the Northern Phalarope) is the smallest of the three phalaropes and has the shortest bill.
  • Among Phalaropes, the female has brighter plumage, and the male incubates the eggs and cares for the young.
  • They have lobed toes to assist with their swimming.
  • A group of phalaropes has many collective nouns, including a "dopping", "swirl", "twirl", "whirl", and "whirligig" of phalaropes.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for Red-necked Phalarope

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X